Saturday, 12 December 2015

How to Start a Fish Farming Business.

How to Start a Fish Farming

Have you always dreamed of owning your very own fish farming business? Do you feel that the place that you have would be a great fish farm? If you want to start your own fish farming business in a small scale then here is a guide to help you make your dreams come true.

First you need to decide on the type of fish you will like to farm either cat fish or tilapia fish or any other type but before you go into any fish farming besiness,you need to make sure that you have market for it and that it sells in your community or you can sell it outside your state or country. Starting a fish farming business requires a lot of knowledge, skill and planning as the investor would have to look into a lot of variables to make the business possible.

Though starting a fish farming business would require intensive study of both the actual technique in fish production as well as the expenses one has to invest for equipments, the fish farming business is a very big profitable venture which needs no much hassle like that of poultry farming. The very first thing that any prospective fish farming business owner has to do is to  swim inside the ocean of knowledge in fish culture as possible.

It is advisable that you attend some   seminars,workshops and training programs that are related to fish
farming. If the fish farming business owner has no experience it is good that he first try and work for an established fish farming expert to know the pros in fish farming. You also need to conduct research and do in the fish farming business.

The would-be owner needs to study the conditions that surround his proposed location of the fish farm. He must take into account the source of water in the area and how much is flowing from it, what rate and the temperature of the water. He should also look into other naturally available resources around the area.

Also look into the conduciveness of the structures ,there is different type of artificial ponds available now. After looking into the conditions of the environment the entrepreneur also has to look into the possible market of the fish, get buyers ready before you crop your fishes. Every body needs fish because doctors now lay more emphasis on sea food.

You can source for buyers in fast food,restaurants,markets ,bar joints etc. Dont worry about keeping your fish for 6 months, you can now crop from 3 months up ward depending on your market. You can smoke it or sell it fresh. Cat fish and Tilapia is a good business here in Africa so consider starting your own fish farm business.

How much would everything cost and what would be the sources of the funds:  If you are starting small may be with 500 fingerlyn at the cist of #25 each then get a mobile pond with clean water,with the feeds. You can get all this price through you research before starting because the market price is not stable. Through this financial analysis the entrepreneur will know in the long run how much he needs to profit.

The Equipment you need are:Pumping Machine and Pipes,Water Testing Equipment,Tanks,Baskets and Buckets,Nets, Generator Set ,Pond Aerators.

Here are tips to help you successfully run your fish farm business :

1. Starts with juvenile fishes as a beginner instead of fingerlings.
2. Apply lime to the ponds before you introduce the fishes. Lime will kill all possible bacteria and
reduce the acidic content of the water that can affect the fish.
3. Do not overcrowd the fishes, stock based on space.
4. The ideal water temperature is 85°. The temperature affects the rate of feeding especially in catfish. They tend to eat more in warm temperature.
5. Do not overfeed them. Unconsumed feed will decompose and pollute the water thereby affecting the survival, growth and performance of the fishes.
6. Feed fishes regularly three or two times a day.
7.The pond should be kept clean at all times. Only clean and clear water should be used and the water should be changed regularly.
8. You can feed your fish with foreign or local feeds.

Lastly, you can use Earthen Pond,
Concrete Pond,Fibre Pond: These are fibre tanks e.g. GP tanks. The advantage of this pond is that it can be move from one place to another. I recommend you start catfish business.

If you enjoy this article please share it,if you have any question please ask. I wish you success. Follow me on twitter @HopeUchemadu

Think Positive.

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